The court documents are the most essential part of the legal system. It is not just about filing documents, but also it is about understanding them. Court documents include all the pleadings and other materials that are filed in court. These include petitions and motions filed by parties to a case and responses or replies filed by opposing parties.

The relevant court rules also determine what documents can be filed in a particular court and where they should be filed. We will mention different court document types in this article, so continue reading. Here are the Main Types of Court Docs: Reading these court documents will help you discover more about the types of cases in the legal system. The main types of court documents include:

1.     Criminal Court Records

Criminal court records are the official records of criminal offenses and arrests. These include:

The Criminal Court Case File

It includes information about when and where an arrest occurred and other details about each individual involved in the case.

Arrest Reports

It contains detailed information about who was arrested on what charges (e.g., date/time). You may want to look through these to learn more about your arrest history.

Convictions & Parole Records

These two types of records are often combined. However, they’re worth mentioning separately because they each have different purposes depending on how long ago something happened before being sentenced/released into society again after serving time behind bars.”

2.     Divorce Records Court

Divorce records are filed with the court, meaning they are public information. You can access and use them for your legal needs, but most people don’t have access to this information.

Divorce records include:

  • The date of filing a divorce petition (usually, but not always).
  • The last name(s) of each spouse at the time of filing the petition (if there is more than one spouse).

3.     Indexes

Indexes are lists of names and addresses. They’re used to find people in court, a database, or a phone book.

4.     Civil Cases

Civil cases are filed by people who are not being sued. The plaintiff or defendant can file them, or they can be filed on behalf of another party, as in a class action lawsuit. Civil cases cover many issues and situations but often involve claims for damages against another person or entity.

5.     Dockets

The official files in a court case are called dockets. They are stored in a safe place and utilized to monitor a case’s status and development. Dockets can be used by lawyers, parties involved in litigation (the people who are suing each other), and others involved in their legal affairs.

6.     Memorials

A memorial is a document that is written to a deceased person. It can be used in various circumstances, but it’s most frequently used when someone passes away, and their loved ones wish to express their condolences. The memorial will often contain information about the deceased individual and how they’ve affected people’s lives throughout their lifetime.

7.     Employment Contract

A legal agreement that outlines the terms and conditions of an employment relationship is known as an employment contract. It usually includes information about salary, benefits, and time off.

An HR or legal professional can professionally draft an employment contract. It can be written word-for-word by the employer on their own.

The main purpose of an employment contract is to clarify what you can expect from your employer when working under them (e.g., salary expectations) and what they will provide in return (e.g., vacation days).

8.     Sales Contracts

A sale contract is a document that defines the terms and conditions of a sale. The main terms include the price, delivery period, and payment obligations.

A typical sales contract will contain these elements:

  • The parties involved in the transaction (the buyer and seller).
  • The thing being sold (for example, goods or services).
  • Details on how much money will be paid for it or what services are provided before it’s delivered.


Arizona Research has a team of knowledgeable researchers who can help you gather all court records, including those from civil, criminal, and probate cases.

This is where Arizona Research and Retrieval Services comes in. Arizona Research allows you to access Arizona, Florida, New Mexico, California, and Nevada court records.

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